The Prawn Guide

The Prawn Guide

Western King Prawns

King prawn doesn’t just mean ‘big prawn’, there are actually two species of king prawn that are native to Australia and found nowhere else. Western king prawns are caught off the coast of Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland. They are caught by ocean trawl which has a higher bycatch rate than inshore trawling however under current management this does not appear to be affecting bycatch species in most parts of Australia. In most fisheries area restrictions offer reasonable protection to seabed habitats These are an OK choice, but a find a ‘green’ rated prawn if you can.

cropped-PRAWNs-WesternKing

HOW IT'S CAUGHT - OCEAN TRAWL Offshore ocean trawling tends to have a high bycatch and can damage the sea bed if not managed.

WHERE IT'S FROM - AUSTRALIA Area and time closures and gear restrictions are in place in most Australian trawl fisheries to minimise bycatch and habitat damage.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

Banana Prawns

Banana prawns are found across Northern Australia from the Kimberly to Southern Queensland.They are caught by ocean trawl which has a higher bycatch rate than inshore trawling however under current management this does not appear to be affecting bycatch species in most parts of Australia. Area restrictions offer reasonable protection to seabed habitats. These are an OK choice, but try a find a ‘green’ rated banana prawn instead.

cropped-PRAWNs-Banana

HOW IT'S CAUGHT - OCEAN TRAWL Offshore ocean trawling tends to have a high bycatch and can damage the sea bed if not managed.

WHERE IT'S FROM - QLD There are extensive closures in place in the QLD offshore trawl fishery.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

Banana prawns

Banana prawns are a native species found across Northern Australia from the Kimberly to Southern Queensland. They are mostly wild caught but are also farmed in ponds in limited quantities, including by the well known Crystal Bay farms. Local environmental impacts of prawn farms in Australia are thought to be minimal however there are concerns that imported feeds may be unsustainably and unethically sourced. These are an OK choice, but a find a ‘green’ rated prawn if you can.

cropped-PRAWNs-Banana

HOW IT'S FARMED - POND FARMED Most pond farming in Australia does not have a major environmental impact if feed is responsibly sourced.

WHERE IT'S FROM - QLD Most Australian farmed prawns come from Queensland. Best practice farms do not have a major impact on the local environment.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

Brown and Grooved Tiger Prawns

Sold as 'Tiger Prawns'

Brown and grooved tiger prawns occur in tropical waters of Australia and nowhere else in the world – both species are usually sold simply as ‘tiger’ prawns . They are caught by ocean trawl which has a higher bycatch rate than inshore trawling however under current management this does not appear to be affecting bycatch species in most parts of Australia. In most fisheries area restrictions offer reasonable protection to seabed habitats. These are an OK choice, but a find a ‘green’ rated prawn if you can.

croppedPRAWNs-BrownTiger

HOW IT'S CAUGHT - OCEAN TRAWL Offshore ocean trawling tends to have a high bycatch and can damage the sea bed if not managed.

WHERE IT'S FROM - AUSTRALIA Area and time closures and gear restrictions are in place in most Australian trawl fisheries to minimise bycatch and habitat damage.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

Black Tiger Prawns

Black tiger prawns are native to Australia, parts of South East Asia, South Asia and East Africa. While rarely caught in the wild, they are the main species farmed in Australia. As long as farming is managed according to best practice then there is minimal impact on the local environment from farming them, however question marks remain over the use of imported feed that may come from unsustainable or unethical fisheries.

cropped-PRAWNs-BlackTiger

HOW IT'S FARMED - POND FARMED Most pond farming in Australia does not have a major environmental impact if feed is responsibly sourced.

WHERE IT'S FROM - AUSTRALIA Most Australian farmed prawns come from Queensland. Best practice farms do not have a major impact on the local environment.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

Endeavour Prawns

Endeavour prawns are found from Shark Bay, Western Australia across the north of Australia to the east coast of Queensland. They are caught in lower numbers than tiger and banana prawns so are less common in the market. Less is know about them in terms of their population health. They are caught by ocean trawl which has a higher bycatch rate than inshore trawling. These are an OK choice, but a find a ‘green’ rated prawn if you can.

cropped-PRAWNs-BlueTailEndeavour

HOW IT'S CAUGHT - OCEAN TRAWL Offshore ocean trawling tends to have a high bycatch and can damage the sea bed if not managed.

WHERE IT'S FROM - AUSTRALIA Area and time closures and gear restrictions are in place in most Australian trawl fisheries to minimise bycatch and habitat damage.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

Eastern King Prawns

King prawn doesn’t just mean ‘big prawn’, there are actually two species of king prawn that are native to Australia and found nowhere else. Eastern king prawns are caught off the east coast of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales, and in smaller quantities in some inshore fisheries.They are caught by ocean trawl which has a higher bycatch rate than inshore trawling however under current management this does not appear to be affecting bycatch species. Area restrictions offer reasonable protection to seabed habitats. These are an OK choice, but try a find a ‘green’ rated prawn instead.

cropped-PRAWNs-EasternKing2

HOW IT'S CAUGHT - OCEAN TRAWL Offshore ocean trawling tends to have a high bycatch and can damage the sea bed if not managed.

WHERE IT'S FROM - QLD Overall too many eastern king prawns are taken as juveniles in NSW and QLD. Seabed protection in QLD is extensive.

Categories

Habitat damage
Bycatch and feed sustainability
Labour conditions and impact on communities

TAKE ACTION

We can only really know if our prawns are good, bad or ugly if they're labelled correctly. But right now, Australia's seafood labelling is weak. Click here to demand for more information about prawns sold in Australia.

TAKE ACTION

LEARN MORE

Our report Dodgy Prawns explains how some prawns come at a cost of human suffering and environment destruction, as well as sustainable alternatives. Click below to read the report.

READ THE REPORT